Methodological framework development

Work package number: WP1
Lead beneficiary: 1 - AUTH
Start month: 1
End month: 12

• To review the current methodologies for integrated urban impact assessment in support of air quality and climate
change governance.
• To assess the latest advances in external sensor technologies and geo-referenced systems to define the external exposure
at individual level.
• To assess to what extent socioeconomic status or other social group risk determinants can influence external exposure.
• To build the methodological framework of ICARUS for integrated urban impact assessment in support of air quality
and climate change governance in EU Member States.

Task 1.1 Literature review 

This task will focus on a number of reviews addressing current developments in: (a) methodologies for integrated urban impact assessment in support of air quality and climate change governance in the EU, (b) technologies and methods for determining external exposures, including GPS-enabled personal sensors, remote sensing, agent-based models and influence of SES in relation to exposure and disease causation and (c) state of the art modelling tools for AQ and CFP, source apportionment practices, methods for endogenous exposure and current approaches for estimating health effects at the individual and community level.
To this aim we will carry out a systematic review of the state-of-the-art in these areas early in the project, but we will also continue to monitor the scientific literature throughout the project lifetime. The reviews will be undertaken in close consultation with the appropriate WPs. We will follow the Extensive Literature Search (ELS) approach to allow transparency and reproducibility of the outcomes. The systematic review will be conducted through a six-step procedure: (a) development of the review protocol which will cover critical points and issues, such as background, review questions, objectives and inclusion criteria, search methodology, selection, data collection, quality assessment, and data synthesis, (b) search which entails an extensive and sensitive search performed in order to retrieve as many studies as possible, fitting the eligibility criteria; (c) selection which will consist of two consecutive steps: i) a first screening of the information contained in titles and abstracts, and ii) a selection based on full-text reports; (d) data collection aiming at getting those data used to answer those previously defined research questions; (e) quality assessment/assurance which includes the design, execution, analysis and outcomes of an ELS, and (f) data synthesis and reporting through which the large amount of information collected will be clearly structured to make easy the data interpretation.

 

Task 1.2 Development of the methodological approach

A comprehensive methodological framework that will allow us to properly evaluate the efficacy of policies aiming at mitigating both air pollution related health effects and GHGs emissions will be developed. A multiobjective optimization methodology will be devised encompassing high dimensional data fusion and refined tools for environmental and health impact assessment. Integration of complex systems dynamics that incorporate the interactions between activity sectors and the respective behavioral changes under conditions of environmental and socioeconomic change (through agent-based modelling) will be a key component of the methodology. Health impact assessment will incorporate internal dosimetry methodologies that take into account source specific characteristics of the emitted pollutants, such as the different PM size distribution and active surface of PM emitted from different sources. The different components of the integrated methodological approach of ICARUS will need to be brought together in an assessment framework that will support their development and interaction. A stakeholder workshop will be organized early on in the project in collaboration with WP8 to bring in their views on how to explore win-win solutions aiming concurrently at urban air quality improvement and climate change mitigation in different socio-economic settings. This event will allow the project team to come closer to the ICARUS stakeholders and promote the participatory development of the project’s methodological advances focusing on community-based research. The conclusions of the workshop will feed into the internal methodological development process, resulting in the drafting of a report on the ICARUS concept and implementation blueprint.

Deliverable Number Deliverable Title Lead beneficiary Type Dissemination level Due Date (in months)
D1.1 Workshop on
conceptual
framework of
ICARUS
1 – AUTH Other Public 6
D1.2 Report on
conceptual
framework of
ICARUS
1 – AUTH Report Public 9
D1.3 A published
methodological
review paper on
the use of sensor
technologies in
defining external
exposure at
individual level
8 – JSI Report Public 9
D1.4 A critical review
on the influence
of socioeconomic
status in relation
to exposure to air
contaminants and
disease causation
8 – JSI Report Public 12
D1.5 A critical review
on methodologies
for integrated
urban impact
assessment in support of air
quality and climate
change governance
in EU Member
States
8 – JSI Report Public 12